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Test programs should not write anything to the standard output. They
should return 0 if the test succeeds, nonzero otherwise, so that success
can be distinguished easily from a core dump or other failure;
segmentation violations and other failures produce a nonzero exit
status. Test programs should
main, because on some systems (old Suns, at least) the argument
main is ignored.
Test programs can use
#ifdef to check the values of
preprocessor macros defined by tests that have already run. For
example, if you call
AC_HEADER_STDC, then later on in
`configure.ac' you can have a test program that includes an
ANSI C header file conditionally:
#if STDC_HEADERS # include <stdlib.h> #endif
If a test program needs to use or create a data file, give it a name
that starts with `conftest', such as `conftest.data'. The
configure script cleans up by running `rm -rf conftest*'
after running test programs and if the script is interrupted.