Write the Makefile commands (and any shell scripts, such as
configure) to run in
sh, not in
csh. Don't use any
special features of
configure script and the Makefile rules for building and
installation should not use any utilities directly except these:
cat cmp cp echo egrep expr false grep ln mkdir mv pwd rm rmdir sed test touch true
Stick to the generally supported options for these programs. For example, don't use `mkdir -p', convenient as it may be, because most systems don't support it.
It is a good idea to avoid creating symbolic links in makefiles, since a few systems don't support them.
The Makefile rules for building and installation can also use compilers
and related programs, but should do so via
make variables so that the
user can substitute alternatives. Here are some of the programs we
ar bison cc flex install ld lex make makeinfo ranlib texi2dvi yacc
Use the following
$(AR) $(BISON) $(CC) $(FLEX) $(INSTALL) $(LD) $(LEX) $(MAKE) $(MAKEINFO) $(RANLIB) $(TEXI2DVI) $(YACC)
When you use
ranlib, you should make sure nothing bad happens if
the system does not have
ranlib. Arrange to ignore an error
from that command, and print a message before the command to tell the
user that failure of the
ranlib command does not mean a problem.
(The Autoconf `AC_PROG_RANLIB' macro can help with this.)
If you use symbolic links, you should implement a fallback for systems that don't have symbolic links.
It is ok to use other utilities in Makefile portions (or scripts) intended only for particular systems where you know those utilities exist.
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