In general, a rule looks like this:
targets : dependencies command ...
or like this:
targets : dependencies ; command command ...
The targets are file names, separated by spaces. Wildcard characters may be used (see section Using Wildcard Characters in File Names) and a name of the form `a(m)' represents member m in archive file a (see section Archive Members as Targets). Usually there is only one target per rule, but occasionally there is a reason to have more (see section Multiple Targets in a Rule).
The command lines start with a tab character. The first command may appear on the line after the dependencies, with a tab character, or may appear on the same line, with a semicolon. Either way, the effect is the same. See section Writing the Commands in Rules.
Because dollar signs are used to start variable references, if you really
want a dollar sign in a rule you must write two of them, `$$'
(see section How to Use Variables).
You may split a long line by inserting a backslash
followed by a newline, but this is not required, as
make places no
limit on the length of a line in a makefile.
A rule tells
make two things: when the targets are out of date,
and how to update them when necessary.
The criterion for being out of date is specified in terms of the
dependencies, which consist of file names separated by spaces.
(Wildcards and archive members (see section Using
make to Update Archive Files) are allowed here too.)
A target is out of date if it does not exist or if it is older than any
of the dependencies (by comparison of last-modification times). The
idea is that the contents of the target file are computed based on
information in the dependencies, so if any of the dependencies changes,
the contents of the existing target file are no longer necessarily
How to update is specified by commands. These are lines to be executed by the shell (normally `sh'), but with some extra features (see section Writing the Commands in Rules).
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