Here are some examples of pattern rules actually predefined in
make. First, the rule that compiles `.c' files into `.o'
%.o : %.c $(CC) -c $(CFLAGS) $(CPPFLAGS) $< -o $@
defines a rule that can make any file `x.o' from `x.c'. The command uses the automatic variables `$@' and `$<' to substitute the names of the target file and the source file in each case where the rule applies (see section Automatic Variables).
Here is a second built-in rule:
% :: RCS/%,v $(CO) $(COFLAGS) $<
defines a rule that can make any file `x' whatsoever from a corresponding file `x,v' in the subdirectory `RCS'. Since the target is `%', this rule will apply to any file whatever, provided the appropriate dependency file exists. The double colon makes the rule terminal, which means that its dependency may not be an intermediate file (see section Match-Anything Pattern Rules).
This pattern rule has two targets:
%.tab.c %.tab.h: %.y bison -d $<
make that the command `bison -d x.y' will
make both `x.tab.c' and `x.tab.h'. If the file
`foo' depends on the files `parse.tab.o' and `scan.o'
and the file `scan.o' depends on the file `parse.tab.h',
when `parse.y' is changed, the command `bison -d parse.y'
will be executed only once, and the dependencies of both
`parse.tab.o' and `scan.o' will be satisfied. (Presumably
the file `parse.tab.o' will be recompiled from `parse.tab.c'
and the file `scan.o' from `scan.c', while `foo' is
linked from `parse.tab.o', `scan.o', and its other
dependencies, and it will execute happily ever after.)
Go to the first, previous, next, last section, table of contents.