You define an implicit rule by writing a pattern rule. A pattern rule looks like an ordinary rule, except that its target contains the character `%' (exactly one of them). The target is considered a pattern for matching file names; the `%' can match any nonempty substring, while other characters match only themselves. The dependencies likewise use `%' to show how their names relate to the target name.
Thus, a pattern rule `%.o : %.c' says how to make any file `stem.o' from another file `stem.c'.
Note that expansion using `%' in pattern rules occurs after any variable or function expansions, which take place when the makefile is read. See section How to Use Variables, and section Functions for Transforming Text.
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